Malaria has been around for centuries and it has affected millions of lives worldwide. It is estimated that 40% of the today’s population are at risk of developing malaria. Currently, there are five classifications of malaria that everyone should be aware of. These classifications differ from one to the other, which is why it is important to seek help from the physician if a person experiences the signs and indications of malaria.
The anopheles mosquito, the major carrier of malaria, transfers an organism to its victims as soon as it gets a meal through the blood. Apparently, it will bite a human to suck blood. The female anopheles mosquitoes are the only ones that are carrying the parasite that will cause malaria. Also, there are cases in which the transmission of malaria is from one human to another. As the malaria parasite lodges in the blood cells, the transmission of the parasite will take place if a person will undergo an organ transplant, or with the sharing of the syringes of the infested ones.
Likewise, a mother who is infested by the disease can pass it to the offspring throughout childbirth. This is otherwise known as congenital malaria. It is a must to know that people will not harbor this condition if they are around the individuals with the disease. When the infected individuals cough or sneeze, the spread of malaria is highly unlikely.
In countries where this illness is widespread, the local individuals in that area have protection to the condition. That being said, those who harbor malaria will not exhibit any signs or indications of the condition. The extent of the indications of malaria will vary upon the type of the parasite involved, the resistance level of the people, and whether the people still have their spleen. However, for people who have the early stages of malaria, the indications include fever, headache, vomiting and nausea, profuse sweating and chills.
Also, the severity of these symptoms may be cyclical. The length of the indications may also differ, which influences on the cycle. Other indications may also comprise of the pain in the back, cough that is dry, engorged spleen and muscle pain.
According to the reports of the World Health Organization (WHO), in the places where malaria is evident, the management should begin as quickly as possible. Essentially, the treatment should be done within the first 24 hours after the onset of the condition. Meanwhile, people who ruled out to have uncomplicated malaria can receive treatments without requiring hospitalization. People with severe cases of the condition should receive a hospital care. There are medicines that can be utilized for the treatment of malaria. These medications are often given as intravenous (IV) suppositories.
Examples of the medicines that can be taken for this illness are chloroquine, clindamycin, quinine, mefloquinine and artesunate. It has been discovered that the diagnosis for people with malaria who are receiving the proper treatments for it is good. Prevention is still better than cure, which is why before ever harboring the indications of malaria, it is important to know the main methods for the prevention of the condition.
The ultimate way to stop malaria is to eliminate any chances of mosquito bites. Apparently, mosquitoes are the main culprit as to why this illness is taking place. With the inhibition of the mosquitoes in your place, you can skip the chance of ever having malaria. Specifically, vector control is can help in the prevention of the condition. This basically means that a person should limit interacting with the disease, or a vector. The vector primarily means the organism, in this particular case the mosquito. Also, the population control of the mosquitoes can greatly lessen the incidents of malaria.
Bed nets cured with insecticide is another thing to consider to avert the spread of malaria. It can likewise get rid of the mortality where there is a widespread malaria cases. These kinds of bed nets can become more effective than the nets without treatment of insecticide. If there are any holes in the bed nets and they are not treated, then there will be a chance the mosquitoes will penetrate the holes. These bed nets will provide a long-term assistance to people when it comes to the population control of the mosquitoes. This can help in the protection of everyone in the endemic areas.
In the recent news and studies of malaria, it has been discovered that PfSPZ can provide management for the primary stages of the condition. This particular medicine is an experimental drug to treat malaria. The researchers of this particular trial drug stated that the vaccine might likely offer 100% protection against the condition among the adults without health problems. The people behind PfSPZ said that it is the best medicine by far that can provide the best malaria vaccine results.
Unlike other vaccines out today, the PfSPZ makes use of the debilitated state of the sporozoite parasitic stage. It does not use any variations of the parasite proteins to prompt an immune response. Researchers said that for this experimental vaccine to be at its most effective state, it has to be given administered by the intravenous route. The researchers also stated that it could pose a challenge to them. However, they said that beyond these challenges, PfSPZ has shown promising results for the treatment of malaria.